(Merriam Webster unless otherwise noted)


Advocate- a.) a person who argues for or supports a cause or policy, b.) a person who works for a cause or group, c.) a person who argues for the cause of another person in a court of law


Bias- a.) unjust or cruel exercise of authority or power, b.) something that oppresses especially in being an unjust or excessive exercise of power


Discrimination- is the behavior that can follow prejudicial thinking. Discrimination denies people of fair treatment (Anti-Defamation League)


Jim Crow- a.) an offensive name for a black person, b.) ethnic discrimination especially against blacks by legal enforcement or traditional sanctions


Justice- a.) the process or result of using laws to fairly judge and punish crimes and criminals, 2.) the quality of being just, impartial, or fair


Labor union- an organization of workers formed to protect the rights and interests of its members


Lynching- to put to death (as by hanging) by mob action without legal authority 


Oppression- treated unfairly or cruelly


Prejudice- is a feeling, making a pre-judgment and decision about a person or a group of people based on stereotypes or not looking at the person as an individual (Anti-Defamation League)


Racism- a.) belief that certain races of people are by birth and nature superior to others, or b.) discrimination or hatred based on race 


Strike- to stop work in order to force an employer to comply with demands (There are many definitions of the word strike. This is the one that matches the use of the word on page 56 of Heart and Soul: The Story of America and African Americans).